Seven strategies (proposed by Stiggins, Arter, Chappuis, and Chappuis (2004))
1. Provide students with a clear and understandable vision of the learning target.
2. Use examples and models of strong and weak work.
3. Offerregulardescriptive feedback.
4. Teach students to self-assess and set goals.
5.Design lessons to focus on one learning target or aspect of quality at a time.
6. Teach students focused revision.
7. Engage students in self-reflection and let them keep track of and share their learning.
5 Key strategies, a model:
Most cost effective strategies for improving learning:
* peer tutoring
* meta-cognition and self-evaluation
Teachers need pedagogical content knowledge and subject-specific knowledge for teaching. Includes knowing what kinds of difficulties students are likely to encounter and kinds of questions that are most likely to elicit relevant evidence.
I can see the utility of both of these. Use PAT-M, NAPLAN data to decide on key aspects to focus on for cohorts, year levels, individuals, and then decide what formative assessment processes need to be set up during instruction. Use this formative assessment to inform and adapt instruction.
Guttman Chart used to identify Zones of Proximal Development. Needs to be explored more.
Dylan Wiliam Teacher practice implied in STEM course, involved students being directed to/or self selecting various activities depending on their level – practice/ recall, apply, analyse, evaluate/ create.
1. What surprised you today, and why?
2. What’s the most important thing you learned today? Why do you think so?
3. What do you want to learn more about, and why?
4. When were you the most creative, and why do you think that is?
5. What made you curious today? How does learning feel different you’re curious?
6. When were you at your best today, and why?
7. (Assuming we were studying the same thing and you could decide and have access to anything), where would you start tomorrow? Why?
8. What can/ should you do with what you know?